In recent years, the number of diabetic patients is increasing rapidly with many serious complications, especially in the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, eyes, nerves,… becoming the leading concern of the whole world. With an understanding of diabetes symptoms will help early detection and effective treatment of the disease right from the early stages. If you do not know anything about this disease, please refer to the article below to understand more and find ways to overcome them!
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus, also known as diabetes, is a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar levels. Due to the body’s deficiency in insulin secretion or resistance to insulin or both, leading to important disturbances in the metabolism of sugar, protein, fat, minerals, etc.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are currently more than 190 million people with diabetes and this number is continuing to increase. It is estimated that by 2025 it will reach 330 million (nearly 6% of the global population).
And it is tending to be more popular with many unpredictable developments, even with young people. However, to recognize the early symptoms of diabetes is still unclear, so many people do not know they have the disease.
Types of diabetes include
⇔ Type 1 diabetes (due to destruction of pancreatic beta cells, leading to absolute insulin deficiency).
⇔ Type 2 diabetes (due to progressive decrease in pancreatic beta cell function against the background of insulin resistance).
⇔ Gestational diabetes (diabetes diagnosed in the second or third trimester of pregnancy with no prior evidence of type 1 or type 2 diabetes).
In addition, diabetes due to other causes, such as: Neonatal diabetes or diabetes caused by the use of drugs and chemicals such as glucocorticoid use, HIV/AIDS treatment or after tissue transplantation, etc.
What is a normal person’s Glucose Index?
Glucose (also known as sugar) is the main source of energy to feed the body, which is converted from the foods we provide ourselves every day. In human blood, there is always a certain amount of Glucose to ensure the supply of energy for daily activities:
- 90 – 130 mg/dl (ie 5 – 7.2 mmol/l) before meals.
- Less than 180 mg/dl (ie 10 mmol/l) at the time of eating for about 1-2 hours.
- 100 – 150 mg/l (ie 6 – 8.3 mmol/l) at bedtime.
Measure your Glucose at these intervals and compare it accordingly to see if you have diabetes.
Patient Diabetes Symptoms
– Patients with classic symptoms of hyperglycemia or plasma glucose levels at any time ≥ 200 mg/dL (or 11.1 mmol/L).
– If there are no classic symptoms of hyperglycemia (including polyuria, polydipsia, binge eating, unexplained weight loss), the diagnostic test above 4 should be repeated a second time to confirm the diagnosis. diagnose. The time to perform the second test after the first one can be from 1 to 7 days.
Criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes symptoms
- Fasting plasma glucose: FPG ≥ 126 mg/dL (or 7 mmol/L). Patients must fast (do not drink soft drinks, can drink filtered water, boiled water) for at least 8 hours (usually overnight fasting from 8-14 hours).
- Oral glucose tolerance test: OGTT ≥ 200 mg/dL (or 11.1 mmol/L). The oral glucose tolerance test should be performed according to the World Health Organization guidelines: The patient fasts from midnight before the test, administers an amount of glucose equivalent to 75g of glucose, dissolved in 250- 300 ml of water, drink for 5 minutes; During the previous 3 days, the patient ate a diet containing about 150-200 grams of carbohydrates per day.
- HbA1c ≥ 6.5% (48 mmol/mol): This test must be performed in a laboratory standardized to international standards.
Diagnosis of Prediabetes
Prediabetes is diagnosed when one of the following disorders is present:
- Impaired fasting glucose (IFG): Fasting plasma glucose from 100 (5.6mmol/L) to 125 mg/dL (6.9 mmol/L), or
- Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT): Plasma glucose at 2 hours after oral glucose tolerance test 75 g ranged from 140 (7.8 mmol/L) to 199 mg/dL (11) mmol/L).
- Quantification according to standards: HbA1c from 5.7% (39 mmol/mol) to 6.4% (47 mmol/mol).
What are the Diabetes Symptoms in the Early Stage?
Early-stage diabetes symptoms may include:
∞ When blood sugar is high, your kidneys excrete the excess sugar in your blood, causing you to urinate more often.
==> One of the early diabetes symptoms is frequent urination (about 4-7 times in 24 hours).
Constant cravings for water
∞ While the kidneys work overtime and you urinate more often, valuable fluids are drawn out of the tissues. Frequent urination will cause the body to lose water, so you feel thirsty and have to constantly rehydrate. The average person needs about 2 liters of water a day, but people with diabetes can drink more than 4 liters / day.
∞ When blood sugar is high, your body has to work hard to get rid of the excess sugar. Not only does this process affect your body, but it also changes the way your body uses glucose for energy. Excessively high blood sugar has the effect of causing fatigue among other symptoms.
Severe vision loss
∞ High blood sugar can damage the eye’s small blood vessels, leading to a swollen lens. As blood sugar rises and falls, your vision may return to normal or worsen, respectively.
==> If detected early and treated with stable blood sugar, this condition can be treated
This is one of the early signs of diabetes. When blood levels are high, your body is actively trying to get rid of it. Because your body excretes too much of the glucose you get from food, hunger may increase.
Unexplained weight loss
∞ With excess glucose, you are losing the largest source of energy and when the body cannot use glucose for energy, it will start burning fat and breaking down protein in the muscles, causing weight loss. weigh quickly.
Slow-healing cuts and wounds
∞ Damaged blood vessels result in impaired blood circulation. As a result, it will be harder for blood to reach the affected area and small cuts or wounds will be difficult to heal, which can take weeks or months to heal.
∞ This slow healing process makes unhealed cuts and wounds susceptible to infection, increasing the risk of amputation.
Easy itching or numbness in the hands or feet
∞ High blood sugar can significantly affect the nerves. This damage begins with pain or numbness and can worsen into pain or neuropathy over time.
Skin is different from normal color
∞ Insulin resistance can cause the skin to develop atopic dermatitis (acanthosis nigricans), which often appears in wrinkles in the neck, armpits, or groin. This darkened area can be raised and has a velvety smooth texture.
∞ Blood sugar levels and excess sugar in urine create an ideal environment for yeast to grow. Yeast can feed on excess sugar in the genital areas, as well as the mouth or armpits. Maintaining blood sugar levels helps reduce the risk of yeast infections.
What are the Dangerous Complications of Diabetes?
People with diabetes symptoms have an increased risk of developing a number of serious health problems. In most high-income countries, diabetes is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease, blindness, kidney failure and lower limb amputation.
- Adults with diabetes have a 2- to 3-fold increased risk of heart attack and stroke.
- Diabetic retinopathy is an important cause of blindness due to the long-term accumulation of small blood vessels in the retina. 2.6% of global blindness can be attributed to diabetes.
- Diabetes is one of the leading causes of kidney failure.
Is the cardiovascular system at risk with diabetes?
Diabetes affects the heart and blood vessels and can cause fatal complications such as coronary artery disease (which leads to a heart attack) and stroke.
- Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death in people with diabetes.
- High blood pressure, high cholesterol, high blood glucose, and other risk factors contribute to an increased risk of cardiovascular complications.
– Kidney complications from diabetes are caused by damage to the small blood vessels in the kidneys leading to kidney failure or kidney failure. Maintaining normal blood glucose levels and blood pressure can significantly reduce the risk of kidney disease.
– Diabetic neuropathy causes nerve damage throughout the body when blood glucose and blood pressure are too high. This can lead to digestive problems, erectile dysfunction and many other functions. In the most affected areas are the extremities, especially the feet.
– It is a peripheral neuropathy and can lead to pain, tingling, and loss of sensation.
- Loss of sensation is particularly important because it can allow trauma to go unnoticed, leading to serious infection and possibly amputation.
- People with diabetes are 25 times more likely to have a limb amputation than people without diabetes.
– Even with amputation, the remaining leg and the patient’s life can be saved and improved with good follow-up care by the multidisciplinary team.
– Most people with diabetes symptoms will develop some type of eye disease, retinopathy that reduces vision, or blindness. Persistently high blood glucose levels along with high blood pressure and high cholesterol are the main causes of retinopathy.
==> This condition can be managed through regular eye exams and control keeping blood glucose and lipid levels normal or near normal.
How to Prevent Diabetes Symptoms
In order to prevent complications from Diabetes symptoms, the patient must have good control of blood sugar, blood pressure and other associated disorders. There are three issues that the patient must adhere to: nutrition, exercise, and proper medication use.
- Avoid foods with sugar and alcohol.
- Limiting glucose. Foods that contain a lot of glucid: rice, starch, cereals, sweet fruits… Should choose foods with low glycemic load index.
- Limit saturated fatty acids, switch to unsaturated fatty acids such as fish oil, Olive oil.
- Limit salt in the diet, especially in patients with diabetes and high blood pressure.
- Should swim, walk, bike…
- Children: 60 minutes/day.
- Adults: 150 minutes/week, at least 3 days/week. Or patients can consult a doctor for appropriate exercise instructions.
- Control BMI from 18-25.
- Use the medicine exactly as prescribed by the specialist. Do not arbitrarily drink or drink according to the instructions of those around you, it will lead to some bad conditions, affecting your health more.
And other remedies, such as
Maintain a healthy weight:
- Body weight is a very important issue for people with diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes. Experts recommend that in one way or another, excess body fat must be reduced to improve condition. Figure.
- Patients with the disease often have peripheral occlusion, especially in the extremities. Smoking further clogs the limb vessels, in extreme cases, sometimes requiring amputation of the legs.
- Not only stopping there, smoking also makes men impotent. When smoking, the level of LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) increases, leading to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke.
Top 05+ Effective Ways to Treat Diabetes without medicine
After diabetes is discovered, not everyone starts taking medication early. If you know how to implement non-drug diabetes treatments, you will reduce diabetes and reduce drug dependence in people with long-term disease.
Non-drug diabetes treatments help control blood sugar effectively for new patients who do not need to take drugs and optimally support the effectiveness in people who are currently taking drugs. Let’s learn with heresreview TOP 5 ways to treat diabetes without drugs to help you control blood sugar effectively.
⇔ Very few people know the importance of relaxation and proper sleep during diabetes treatment. Prolonged stress or lack of sleep causes the body to release more cortisol and epinephrine hormones, which cause hyperglycemia. Therefore, you should relax in a number of ways such as: reading books, practicing yoga, meditating, nourishing life, listening to soft music, chatting with loved ones, …
Give up bad habits to reduce diabetes symptoms
⇔ Smoking is not only the leading cause of lung cancer but also makes diabetes difficult to control. Nicotine from cigarettes entering the body will slow down insulin absorption and increase the body’s risk of insulin resistance. Besides, the high amount of alcohol in beer and wine can cause complications or severe hypoglycemia.
==> If you want to pursue a home remedy for diabetes, you should quit smoking and say no to alcohol.
Regular exercise is a must
⇔ You just need to maintain all your favorite exercise activities such as walking, jogging, cycling, swimming, yoga, nursing… every night for at least 30-45 minutes and 5 sessions/week.
⇔ Experts say that exercise is a way to help burn excess energy, control blood fat and blood pressure effectively. In particular, in diabetic patients with cardiovascular disease, the habit of walking will help reduce angina and prevent myocardial infarction effectively.
⇔ In case of neurological complications, foot disease or foot osteoarthritis, you should limit standing or walking movements too much such as walking, climbing stairs… Then, you should choose to ride a bicycle, swim or do upper body exercises.
Try to maintain a reasonable weight
⇔ Most people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese. This will increase the risk of high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, increase the likelihood of stroke, heart attack… even death. Therefore, in the non-drug diabetes treatments, weight loss goals cannot be missed. This will help increase the body’s sensitivity to insulin and reduce cardiovascular risks.
⇔ Patients need to pay attention to safe weight loss by following a low-sugar and fat diet and exercising. You should not lose weight too quickly, it will adversely affect your health.
Building a healthy and scientific diet
⇔ In home remedies, the wrong combination of foods or improper eating can lead to insulin resistance, causing diabetes. This also explains why many diabetics, despite being very persistent in taking their medication, still have high blood sugar levels because they have not had a proper diet.
Sample menu you can refer to as follows:
- 1/2 is fresh low-sweet fruit (grapefruit, citrus fruits) and high-fiber vegetables (broccoli, carrots, lettuce)
- 1/4 is whole grain (brown rice, sesame, beans)
- The remaining 1/4 is lean meat and beneficial fats (from fish and plants such as salmon oil, soybean oil, rice oil …)
You should divide into many small meals during the day, eat green vegetables and drink broth first to help slow down the absorption of sugar. You should note that you should limit eating after 8 pm, and should not eat fruit immediately after eating starch because it will cause blood sugar to rise faster.
Above are diabetes symptoms that you shouldn’t ignore and TOP 05+ Ways to Treat Diabetes without medicine. Thank you for visiting heresreview, hopefully, readers have been provided with useful information and follow the website to explore more information about health.
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